patchouli flower

PATCHOULI OIL Aromatherapy Essential “Oil of the Month”

Learn about Patchouli Oil Constituents and Benefits

Botanical Name: Pogostemon Cablin

An Earthy strong, woody, wine scent (native to the Philippines) mainly produced in Indonesia by steam distillation from the leaves of the Pogostemon Cablin, a species of the mint family that dates back centuries but was commonly used in the 1960’s and 1970’s by the hippy counterculture. One of the most well known uses of the Patchouli plant was protection from bed bugs and moths. The leaves were placed in shipments of Indian cashmere rugs, destined to England for protection from moth damage. Ultimately, the cashmere shawls became known for the distinctive patchouli fragrance.

Constituents of Essential Oil: patchoulol, g-guaiene, a-guaiene, saychellene, a-humulene, b-patchoulene, b-caryophyllene, aciphyllene, g-patchoulene, pogostol

Patchoulol or Patchouli alcohol makes up to approximately 30 – 40% of Patchouli EO and is responsible for its distinct aroma used extensively in the perfume industry. Morden studies have revealed activities such as anti-inflammatory, analgesic, anti-tumor and antimicrobial, antiplatelet and aphrodisiac. Patchoulol is also used in the synthesis of the chemotherapy drug Taxol.

Although the constituents of Patchouli Oil have not been widely studied separately, the constituents of Patchouli Oil as a whole have. Patchouli Oil constituents widely vary from plant to plant, area grown and time of harvest.

Pogostemon Cablin was studied for antibacterial and antifungal activity and was found effective in inhibiting 20 bacterial strains and all 12 fungi. One study was also found of antimicrobial activity, pogostone and patchoulol had broader therapeutic prospects in bacteria infection. Patchouli Oil was also effective in preventing biofilm formation. Anti-viral activities of Pogostemon Cablin were shown to inhibit influenza A virus but more human studdies have to be done.

Studies have also shown Patchouli Oil helps to overcome defaecation and constipation by olfactory neurotransmission systems and may assist with fibrinolysis (prevents blood clots from growing) and many neurodegenerative disorders.

Patchouli Oil showed an efficient free radical scavenging activity and prevented photoaging by exhibiting antioxidative properties and maintained skin structural integrity caused by UV irradiation with anti-inflammatory activities also observed. The healing duration was considerably reduced in patients suffering ulcers, torn skin, skin abrasions and pressure sores using 12% Patchouli Oil concentration. It also effectively controlled skin infections and odour. Patchouli Oil is also an effective repellent against the mosquito, termites, dust mites, ants amongst many others.

In Aromatherapy, Patchouli Oil helps to sharpen intelligence, improve concentration and provide insight, reduce tension and anxiety. Its wine-like intoxicating aroma functions as an aphrodisiac and is used to treat symptoms of menopause for a harmonious flow of energy that interacts with thyroid glands and balances hormones. Mental alertness and awareness is improved therefore an oil great for meditation.

Patchouli Oil is a Middle Note and we call it our “Hippy Mint”

Kid Safe: yes

Shop Our Hippy Mint – Patchouli Oil


A Tea Tree flower

TEA TREE OIL Aromatherapy Essential “Oil of the Month”

Australian Tea Tree

Botanical Name: Melaleuca alternifolia

A Native to Australia is the Tea Tree. There are over 300 species belonging to the Myrtle family and are also known as paperbarks and honey myrtles. Tea Tree has a papery bark and white to creamish bottlebrush-like flowers up to 5cm long, flowering in October to November. They are farmed in regions of the North Coast of New South Wales and on the Atherton Tableland in Queensland.

The leaves are steam distilled, harvested in the warmer months with very high Australian standards and code of practice producing a high quality, consistent product that is compliant with international standards.

Tea Tree lakes stained by the leaves dropping into the water have a dark appearance but are said to be great for the skin to heal wounds and revitalise.

New uses for Tea Tree Oil are being considered and these include insect pest control in sheep and cattle industries.

Main Constituents of Essential Oil: Terpinen-4-ol, y-terpinene, a-terpinene, Terpinolene, a-terpineol, a-pinene, p-cymene, 1,8-cinole

There is up to 15 constituents in Tee Tree oil but the main ones are Terpinen-4-ol with approximately 41.33% in Tea Tree Oil and has shown to have antiviral, antibacterial, antifungal, and insecticidal effects as well as antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities. There are also reports of antitumor effects by apoptosis (cell death). Although more research is needed, Terpinen-4-ol is an important constituent of Tea Tree Oil.

Y-terpinene 20% in Tea Tree Oil along with a-terpinene 10% in Tea Tree Oil has strong antioxidant activity. A-terpinene also is said to contribute to the antitumor properties of Tea Tree Oil. Terpinolene contributes to the antifungal, antibacterial and antioxidant properties also improving sleep quality. Terpinolene only makes up 3 – 4% of Tea Tree Oil but is found in Cannabis Oil at 20%.

Although Tea Tree Oil is low skin irritant (always dilute Essential Oils) it is poisonous if swallowed so keeping it away from the mouth area is recommended.

Tea Tree Oil has a green woody, medicinal scent and is known as a middle note being Australia’s SUMMER SNOW!

Kid Safe: yes

Shop – Try Our Australian Tea Tree Oil

Melaleuca alternifolia
An Old Tea Tree in the Wetlands Park in Maryborough Qld


Close up of Spearmint Leaves

SPEARMINT OIL Aromatherapy Essential “Oil of the Month”

Learn about Spearmint Oil Constituents and Benefits

Extracted by steam distillation from the leaves and flowers, Spearmint has a sweet refreshing, clarifying, cooling minty scent.

Botanical Name: Mentha Spicata

The name “spear” mint derives from the pointed leaf tips and “spicata” means “bearing a spike”. Mint is native to Europe and Asia but now commonly grows in North America and parts of Africa and Australia. The aroma of the Spearmint is highest just before flowering.

Rainbow Skys Naturally’s Spearmint is grown in Australia in Yorta Yorta Land. Yorta Yorta Country radiates out from Dhungala and extends in all compass directions, from Cohuna in the west to just outside Albury/Wodonga in the east to a northerly point in NSW approximately 20 – 30km past Finley and extends into Victoria just short of Nagambie. It includes the lower Goulburn River. Yorta Yorta people are predominantly a water based people whose lifestyle focusses on and around water. Spearmint was known as “River Mint” and were traditionally used for coughs and colds, for food flavouring and for lining ovens.

Constituents of Oil: Carvone, Limonene

Carvone is the main constituent in Spearmint Oil and gives it it’s sweet minty scent. Carvone can be effective for nausea and support the breakdown of food to help with easy transit through the digestive system. It can also curb appetite by encouraging a sensation of fullness.

Carvone with its clean scent can help with clarifying the mind and improve attention span, concentration and overall brain function. It works like an expectorant helping treat bronchitis, coughs and bronchial asthma, sore throats and clearing the respiratory tract. Carvone can have a cooling effect on the muscles. A recommended dilution for topical use for Spearmint Oil is 1.2%.

Carvone has some important applications in agriculture, for crop protection and as an anti-sprouting agent during tuber storage like potatoes.

Limonene along with Carvone have properties to reduce bacteria and free-radicals. They together can be stimulating and uplifting to the senses easing nervous tension and anxiety.

Limonene can assist with inflammation of the muscles and bones (carvone with its’ cooling effect). Limonene also acts a solvent, but only makes up 8 – 21% of Spearmint Oil, unlike Sweet Orange Oil which is approximately 95% Limonene.

Unlike Peppermint, Spearmint contains little to no Menthol.

Kid Safe: yes

Spearmint is a Top Note Oil and to us it stands for Wisdom and Virtue!

(Grow Mint in the garden to attract money to your purse)

EXTRA: Looking into Spearmint Oil it is hard to determine the difference between Spearmint and Peppermint.

Seeds of Spearmint(Mentha spicata) and Peppermint (Mentha x piperita)
Spearmint (Mentha spicate) and Peppermint (Mentha x piperita) plants


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